Install Preview Generator in Nextcloud

To enable preview for files in nextcloud, you need to install “Preview Generator” from next cloud app store

To install login to nextcloud as admin. From right drop down menu, click + Apps link.

Nextcloud apps

Once on Apps page, you can use the search button on right side to search for “Preview Generator” and install it.

You need to install some additional software, on ubuntu/debian install it with

sudo apt install libreoffice ffmpeg imagemagick ghostscript

Now edit config/config.php file of your nextcloud installation, add following code

'enable_previews' => true,
'preview_libreoffice_path' => '/usr/bin/libreoffice',
'enabledPreviewProviders' =>
 array (
    0 => 'OC\\Preview\\TXT',
    1 => 'OC\\Preview\\MarkDown',
    2 => 'OC\\Preview\\OpenDocument',
    3 => 'OC\\Preview\\PDF',
    4 => 'OC\\Preview\\MSOffice2003',
    5 => 'OC\\Preview\\MSOfficeDoc',
    6 => 'OC\\Preview\\PDF',
    7 => 'OC\\Preview\\Image',
    8 => 'OC\\Preview\\Photoshop',
    9 => 'OC\\Preview\\TIFF',
   10 => 'OC\\Preview\\SVG',
   11 => 'OC\\Preview\\Font',
   12 => 'OC\\Preview\\MP3',
   13 => 'OC\\Preview\\Movie',
   14 => 'OC\\Preview\\MKV',
   15 => 'OC\\Preview\\MP4',
   16 => 'OC\\Preview\\AVI',

Generate Preview for existing files

Let’s generate thumbnail for existing files, for this, I enabled shell access for www-data so preview files have proper file ownership (not owned by root).

chsh --shell /bin/bash www-data

Now change to www-data user

su - www-data

Now run

/usr/bin/php /var/www/nextcloud/occ preview:generate-all -vvv


Autogenerate Previews for new files

set a cronjob as user www-data

crontab -e -u www-data
*/5 * * * * /usr/bin/php /var/www/nextcloud/occ preview:pre-generate > /dev/null 2>&1

See Nextcloud

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